Education comes under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, currently led by the Hon. Smt. Smriti Irani.
Understanding The Indian Education System is a site maintained by EdCIL (India) Limited, a government organization
The Department of Higher Education deals with the universities. India has universities that are directly under the Central Government, many that are run by the States, and several Autonomous or "Deemed" universities. A few institutions such as the Indian Institutes of Technology and of Management, are maintained as exemplary leaders in driving standards. Admission to these is generally through nationwide competitive examinations, and fosters an industry of test-taking training academies. Medical education, though expensive by Indian standards, is far less expensive and far more accessible than their western equivalents, and provides excellent training.
Online and Satellite-based Mass Education
(Links given, no endorsement implied!)
Debate on Global versus Indigenous Media of Instruction
Debate on History Content
Since Independence, India has emphasized broader access to education at all levels. The magnitude and diversity of the challenge is so great that there is virtually unlimited opportunity for participation. The government has tried to enable a broad spectrum of approaches to education, while also trying to provide some means of quality control. For the vast majority of Indians, the cost of education must be kept very low to be affordable. In the 1960s and 70s, governments in the state of Kerala, for instance mandated free education up to the university entrance level, with the result that there was a huge leap in literacy, and eventually in the standard of living in the state. Today there are numerous private institutions that educate children of middle-class parents, with costs that are much higher than those in the government-run institutions. English is accepted in many institutions, especially at the university level, and is seen as an enabler to work in well-paying corporations. Technology is accepted, but is not necessarily accessible to most. Increasingly, Instruction in Indian languages is becoming essential, particularly to foster critical thinking, and enable ownership of technology and innovation.